Original limited edition Etching (C3) / aquatint (C5) on paper. Hand-printed (E/A) and signed by the artist. Plate size: 17x11,5 cm. Paper size (app.): 28x21 cmAvvakum Petrov (November 20, 1620 or 1621 - April 14, 1682), born in Grigorovo (in present-day Nizhny Novgorod), was a Russian protopope of Kazan Cathedral on Red Square who led the opposition to Patriarch Nikon's reforms of the Russian Orthodox Church. His autobiography and letters to the tsar, to Boyarynya Morozova and other Old Believers are considered masterpieces of 17th-century Russian literature.Starting in 1652 Nikon, as Patriarch of the Russian Church, initiated a wide range of reforms in Russian liturgy and theology. These reforms were mostly intended to bring the Russian Church into line with the other Orthodox Churches of Eastern Europe and Middle East.Avvakum and others strongly rejected these changes. They saw them as a corruption of the Russian Church, which they considered to be the 'true' Church of God. The other Churches were more closely related to Constantinople in their liturgies and Avvakum argued that Constantinople fell to the Turks because of these heretical beliefs and practices.For his opposition to the reforms, Avvakum was repeatedly imprisoned. For the last fourteen years of his life he was imprisoned in a pit or dugout (a sunken, log-framed hut) at Pustozyorsk above the Arctic Circle before finally being burned at the stake. The spot where he was burned is now marked by an ornate wooden cross.Despite his end, groups rejecting the changes persisted, and they came to be referred to as Old Believers.Avvakum's colourful autobiography memorably recounts hardships of his imprisonment and exile to the Russian Far East, the story of his friendship and rupture with the Tsar Alexis, his practice of exorcising demons and devils, and his boundless admiration for nature and other works of God. Numerous manuscript copies of the text circulated for nearly two centuries before its first printed edition in 1861.
Leonid Stroganov is a graphic designer and book illustrator, was born in 1979 in Leningrad, USSR (presently Saint Petersburg, Russia).
He graduated both from the Art College named after Nicholas Roerich in 1999 and the Institute of Applied Art in 2002 with the excellent marks. Since same year he has been a member of the Union of Artists of Russia. He was tutored in etching and engraving by famous artists Alexander Durandin and Oleg Yahnin and also trained in Institute of Tamarind (USA) in 2006.
Currently he is a free-lance artist, successfully performing in the graphic art and book design fields and has been teaching since 2005. Stroganov has been creating bookplates since 2000 and since that time he has made about a hundred bookplates up on private orders across the world.
He has been an exhibitor into International Congresses of Ex-Libris FISAE since 2002.
Leonid Stroganov was a medalist of National Festival of Graphic Arts and a special prize winner of the competition of young artists (House of graphic Art, Moscow, 2008).
The works of Leonid now can be found in The Hermitage Library and Public Library of Saint-Petersburg (Russia), The Boston Public Library (USA), State Museum of Vologda (Russia), Museum of Modern Graphic in Sint-Niklaas (Belgium), in private collections of Europe and United States.
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